Employee State Insurance Corporation or ESIC is a self-financing social security and health insurance scheme which provides medical benefit, sickness benefit, maternity benefit and various other benefits such as funeral expenses, free supply of physical aids etc. to the employees and their family.
Any factory or business establishment having 10 or more than 10 employees, irrespective of salary, have to register with ESIC. ESI contributions must be made for all employees having a salary of less than Rs.21,000 per month. Employees with less than Rs. 21,000 monthly wages get health and sickness benefits through this statutory scheme. The state government also contribute 1/8th share cost of the medical benefit.